Ebook Principles of Economics 8e by Mankiw


Principles of Economics
8th Edition
by N. Gregory Mankiw
Copyright © 2018
South Western / Cengage Learning
PDF 29.57 MB

Table of contents
PART I Introduction 1
1 Ten Principles of Economics 3
2 Thinking Like an Economist 19
3 Interdependence and the Gains from Trade 47

PART II How Markets Work 63
4 The Market Forces of Supply and Demand 65
5 Elasticity and Its Application 89
6 Supply, Demand, and Government Policies 111

PART III Markets and Welfare 131
7 Consumers, Producers, and the Efficiency of Markets 133
8 Application: The Costs of Taxation 153
9 Application: International Trade 167

PART IV The Economics of the Public Sector 187
10 Externalities 189
11 Public Goods and Common Resources 211
12 The Design of the Tax System 227

PART V Firm Behavior and the Organization of Industry 245
13 The Costs of Production 247
14 Firms in Competitive Markets 267
15 Monopoly 289
16 Monopolistic Competition 319
17 Oligopoly 337

PART VI The Economics of Labor Markets 359
18 The Markets for the Factors of Production 361
19 Earnings and Discrimination 383
20 Income Inequality and Poverty 401

PART VII Topics for Further Study 423
21 The Theory of Consumer Choice 425
22 Frontiers of Microeconomics 451

PART VIII The Data of Macroeconomics 471
23 Measuring a Nation’s Income 473
24 Measuring the Cost of Living 495

PART IX The Real Economy in the Long Run 513
25 Production and Growth 515
26 Saving, Investment, and the Financial System 541
27 The Basic Tools of Finance 563
28 Unemployment 577

PART X Money and Prices in the Long Run 601
29 The Monetary System 603
30 Money Growth and Inflation 627

PART XI The Macroeconomics of Open Economies 651
31 Open-Economy Macroeconomics: Basic Concepts 653
32 A Macroeconomic Theory of the Open Economy 677

PART XII Short-Run Economic Fluctuations 699
33 Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply 701
34 The Influence of Monetary and Fiscal Policy on Aggregate Demand 737
35 The Short-Run Trade-off between Inflation and Unemployment 763

PART XIII Final Thoughts 787
36 Six Debates over Macroeconomic Policy 789

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